Scientists can use certain types of fossils referred to as index fossils to assist in relative dating via correlation.
The basic theory of radiometric dating is briefly reviewed.
Knowing when a dinosaur or other animal lived is important because it helps us place them on the evolutionary family tree.
Accurate dates also allow us to create sequences of evolutionary change and work out when species appeared or became extinct. These are: Where possible, several different methods are used and each method is repeated to confirm the results obtained and improve accuracy.
Since 1955 the estimate for the age of the Earth has been based on the assumption that certain meteorite lead isotope ratios are equivalent to the primordial lead isotope ratios on Earth.
In 1972 this assumption was shown to be highly questionable.