As for the closely related terms practical joke and prank, Brunvand states that although there are instances where they overlap, hoax tends to indicate "relatively complex and large-scale fabrications" and includes deceptions that go beyond the merely playful and "cause material loss or harm to the victim." According to Professor Lynda Walsh of the University of Nevada, Reno, some hoaxes—such as the Great Stock Exchange Fraud of 1814, labeled as a hoax by contemporary commentators—are financial in nature, and successful hoaxers—such as P. Barnum, whose Fiji mermaid contributed to his wealth—often acquire monetary gain or fame through their fabrications, so the distinction between hoax and fraud is not necessarily clear.Alex Boese, the creator of the Museum of Hoaxes, states that the only distinction between them is the reaction of the public, because a fraud can be classified as a hoax when its method of acquiring financial gain creates a broad public impact or captures the imagination of the masses.By reclusion temporal, if notice or information be given thereby which might be useful to the enemy.If the offender intended to aid the enemy by giving such notice or information, he shall suffer the penalty of reclusion temporal to death.— The penalty of reclusion temporal shall be imposed upon any public officer or employee, and that of prision mayor upon any private individual, who, by unlawful or unauthorized acts provokes or gives occasion for a war involving or liable to involve the Philippine Islands or exposes Filipino citizens to reprisals on their persons or property..
It is will not have a detailed explanation of, and supporting arguments for, much of the evidence within it.
I also believe that the forger used various known artifacts and works in collections available to Voynich, such as those in the nearby Museo Galileo in Florence, in Paris, Berlin, Rome and London, and other places he was known to have traveled to.: During this period, Wilfrid built a successful book business, and developed a very positive reputation as a clever and knowledgeable bibliophile and businessman.
At the end of this time, 1902, he sold 150 of rare incunabula to the British Library.
Part One lists all of Hogarth's paintings, drawings and engravings together with his writings in alphabetical order, each work having its special bibliographical reference.
Part Two is a thematically arranged bibliography relating to miscellaneous subjects concerning Hogarth's life, his art, his attitudes to other artists and writers, as well as eighteenth, nineteenth and twentieth-century criticisms of his work.